JAES Learning

The first YouTube channel entirely dedicated to spare parts
In our channel we deal with many different topics specific to the area of electronics, mechanics and hydraulics.
We create animated educational video for many manufacturing companies
in which we explain the operation of every industrial device.


What is a submersible pump and how it works

The submersible pump is a particular type of centrifugal pump used to move fluids from one point to another or to favor their ascent to the surface.

This hydraulic device can be used, for example, to empty a flooded area, but also to empty or fill a swimming pool or recover and bring to the surface the water contained in a well.

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How Do Cell Phones Work? Electromagnetic waves and Mobile Switching Centers – 3D Animation

Mobile phones played a fundamental role in telecommunications and now are essential devices in everyday life.

But how come, a so small device allows us to communicate with any person around the word, no matter where we are?

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how does a brushless DC motor works

In this video we will talk about a DC motor which is the ideal choice for many applications where it’s needed:

reliability
low maintenance
less noise
speed control
and low cost

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How does an induction motor works?

An induction motor or asynchronous motor is an AC electric motor in which the electric current in the rotor needed to produce torque is obtained by electromagnetic induction from the magnetic field of the stator winding.

Since 1885 Italian inventor Galileo Ferraris had shown that two orthogonal coils, in which alternating currents out of phase by 120 degrees flow, generate a rotating magnetic field.

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What is a WIND TURBINE and how does generate electricity? Wind power - Components - Accidents

Wind turbines are devices that convert the wind’s kinetic energy into electrical energy.

We can simply describe the wind as moving air, caused by differences in atmospheric pressure between different regions of our planet.

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What is a TRANSFORMER and how does it works? Transformer types

Power travels from the power plant to our houses through a complex system called the power distribution grid.

For power to be useful in a home or business, it comes off the transmission grid and is stepped-down to the distribution grid.

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How do HELICOPTERS work? Newton’s Laws - Airfoil Technology - Angle of Attack - Gyroscopic Precession

In this video we will explain how a helicopter flies through the flight made by the JAES CEO, who will leave the city of Treviso to reach his field offices in Sicily.

After getting on board, the JAES helicopter lifts from the ground and flies towards its destination.

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How do airplanes fly - Bernoulli principle or Coandă effect?

An airliner is typically defined as an aircraft intended for carrying multiple passengers or cargo in commercial service. When the Wright brothers made the world’s first sustained heavier-than-air flight, they laid the foundation for what would become a major transport industry.

Listing every single component of an airplane is almost impossible. The modern airliners in fact are composed of huge variety of mechanical, hydraulic and electronic components.

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Universal Joints: Cardan Joint or Constant-velocity Joint?

In this video we will explain what a Universal joint is.
We will show the difference between Cardan joints and Constant-velocity joints.

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How do electric trains work? A journey from Mumbai to New Delhi

A train is a form of transport consisting of a series of connected vehicles that generally runs along a railroad track to transport cargo or passengers.
It represented a turning point in history that changed world forever. Without trains and railroads the world would be an altogether different place.

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What is a screw jack and how it works

A Screw Jack also known as a Worm Screw Jack, is a device used to convert rotational motion into a “push-pull” linear motion. It utilises the property of a screw thread providing a mechanical advantage which means that it can be used to amplify force. The rotary movement can be supplied manually or thanks to the help of hydraulic or pneumatic motors. Or thanks to electric motors, like the induction motor!

In this video we will focus on the working principle of the worm screw jack.

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Have you ever wondered what happens when you turn the key inside your car ignition?

In this simple video we will explain all the steps involved in this process, from the ignition to the operation of the internal combustion engine.

When you get on your car the first thing you do, after putting the seat belts on, is to insert the key in the ignition switch to start the engine.

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How to change Gear? The Manual Transmission explained

Do you ever wonder why we need to change gears while we’re driving?
And what is the reason why we hear that horrible grinding noise while we’re shifting gears?

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How Car Steering Works?

What happens when we turn the steering wheel of our car? Let’s find it out in this video, in which we explain the steering system’s functions.

What’s fascinating in cars is that when we turn the front wheels, all the vehicle will turn in that direction. But why does the car follow a precise curve after steering instead of proceeding in a straight line? To find the answer to this question we need to know the physics of the wheel, one of the greatest inventions in human history.

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How the Breaking System works

Types of brakes, ABS – anti lock braking system

Have you ever wondered how your car manages to brake? In this video we will explain how your car’s braking system works.

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Stepper Motor (Part 1)

In this video we will see why the stepper motor is considered, among other electric motor types, the ideal choice for all those applications that require maximum precision in angular movements and rotational speed. Stepper motors in fact offer excellent speed control, repeatability of movement and precise positioning.

The same precise positioning required during the operation of this robotic arm, used by JAES inside its automated video acquisition system.

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Stepper motor (Part 2)

In the first part of the video we had the chance to see the working principle of the permanent magnet stepper motor, as well as the variable reluctance stepper motor.

Now we will focus on the working principle of another type of stepper motor. This is the most commonly used stepper motor type today which combines the features of a permanent magnet stepper motor with those of a variable reluctance stepper motor. We are talking about of the Hybrid stepper motor.

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How the Internet Works? (Part 1)

The dynamic, user-friendly interface of the Internet as we know it today, is breathed life into by a multi-layer global network system that connects hundreds of millions of computers.

If you are watching this video, it is because a sophisticated signal transmission system has been developed and implemented over the years.

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How the Internet Works? (Part 2)
Internet’s Undersea Cables - ICANN - Data transfer


In the first part of this video we had the chance to understand how Internet communication works.
Now we are going to see how fiber optic cables are laid on the seabed and how the data finally reaches our laptop and smartphone.

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What is a TRIODE and how does it work?
The importance of the Grid


A TRIODE is an electronic amplifying device belonging to the vacuum tube family.
In electronics, a VACUUM TUBE is a device that controls electric current flow in a high vacuum between electrodes to which an electric potential difference has been applied.

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What is an ENCODER - Linear and Rotary encoder - Incremental and Absolute encoder

An encoder is a communication device that controls the motion of an operating device.
Encoders are used to translate rotary or linear motion into a digital signal helping to determine the speed or position of a motor or other moving equipment.

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How does a hydraulic and pneumatic cylinder work?

In this video, we will see the major differences between hydraulic and pneumatic cylinders, their functioning, and their applications in the industrial sector.

Before starting, it is essential to specify that there are differences between the single-acting cylinder and the double-acting one.

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Solar energy and photovoltaic cells

Solar energy is the energy associated with solar radiation and it represents the primary source of energy on Earth.
The sun is the engine of life on earth, which gives us light and heat.

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How does a thermal power plant work?

A thermal power plant is a large-sized plant that turns the thermal energy into electric energy, using water as working fluid.
Thanks to their production of electricity we can turn on the lights and make all our household appliances work, so that we can take advantage of many comforts.

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How do bearings work?
Types and durability calculation.


Bearings are used to reduce the friction between two objects that are in linear or circular motion against each other.

The first intuition came from Leonardo Da Vinci in his studies regarding friction.

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How do electric cars work?

An electric car is a vehicle that is propelled by one or more electric motors, using energy stored in rechargeable batteries.

The first electric car prototypes were built and introduced already 200 years ago, during the first half of the 19th century.

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Pressure Transmitter

In this video we will explain the operation of the transmitter, a device used to convert physical quantities into readable data visualizations, a basic requirement in every technological field.

More than 10 years in industrial supplies sector have led JAES to become a qualified partner for some of the most important industrial automation companies, providing any kind of transmitters.

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How do transistors work?

TRANSISTORS are semiconductor devices widely used both in analog and digital electronics.
They are at the basis of modern electronics and are essential for the control of many circuits or entire processors.

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How do Lithium-ion batteries work?

Rechargeable and lightweight, Lithium-ion batteries have changed our lives on the way we communicate, move and work. Let’s see how they were born and how they work.

These batteries have revolutionized the way of storing energy since the early nineties.

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Automatic Transmission vs Manual Transmissions – Epicyclic Gear Train - Dual-clutch - Continuously Variable

As we’ve already explained in our previous video a manual transmission consists mainly of a gear pair and a clutch.
While the traditional automatic transmission uses a planetary gear and a torque converter.

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The World of Engineering
What is really engineering?


Everybody has certainly seen huge buildings while driving, like a suspension bridge, and wondered “how can that bridge hold up? How has it been designed and built?”.

This is what engineering is for: a technical-scientific discipline, whose goal is to produce systems and solutions for technical and material requirements through design and creation of a good or a service, or for the development and control of the industrial process.

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What is a diode and how it works - PN junction and 3D animation

The diode is a mainly resistive non-linear passive electronic component with two terminals, whose function is to allow the flow of electric current in one direction and virtually block it in the opposite one.

The two diode terminals are called ANODE and CATHODE. The electric current conventionally goes from the anode to the cathode following this direction.

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The Engineering World
Different types of engineering


Over the years, some people are world-known as great engineers because they have given us structures, solutions, methods that even nowadays we consider them as some brilliant innovations. If you think of the engineer Brunel who built the Great Western Railway in the United Kingdom, and still working today, or Archimedes recognized as the greatest of all classical engineers, with his screw pump also called the screw of Archimedes.

All great engineers were and are astounding in many areas, but most operate within well-defined specializations, each with its own characteristics and expertise.

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